Former UBS Group AG trader Kweku Adoboli fought to avoid deportation from the U.K. to the nation of his birth after his conviction for a $2.3 billion loss at the Swiss bank. Now, he is seeking a comeback in Ghana with a plan to kick-start its mortgage-backed bond market.
The 39-year-old was extradited to the West African country in November 2018 after being jailed in 2012. He spent the first nine months mostly indoors as he struggled with depression. Support from family and friends helped him shake ambitions of returning to England, his home since the age of 12, and to make peace with a new life in Tema, a port city east of the capital, Accra, teaming with industrial plants and the nation’s only oil refinery.
Nowadays, Adoboli speaks — albeit in a British accent — like he never set foot out of Ghana as he talks about the gaps in the country’s mortgage-financing market.
“Our job now is look for ways to expand banks’ balance sheet, to create a mortgage market that would allow us to increase demand-side funding for housing,” Adoboli said during an interview in the lounge area of a five-star hotel in Accra. “What are you going to do in 30 years time when our population doubles?”
The former banker, who left Ghana when he was four, was convicted for covering up bad bets during July and August 2011 amid a market sell-off. For the trades, Adoboli served about half of a seven-year sentence, getting out in 2015, in a case that rippled through Zurich-based UBS and London’s City financial center.
Adoboli estimates that the platform he plans to develop could accumulate $100 million in mortgage-backed securities after the first year of starting operations. Banks would also be asked to join as shareholders, he said.
It won’t be easy going. Ghana has a low uptake in mortgages, nascent capital markets, high interest rates and a banking industry that has just emerged from a crisis. Most people buy a plot of land with their savings and then slowly build their homes, often completing them by retirement, without ever taking a mortgage.