‘Severally’, ‘chop-chop’, 27 other Nigerian words enter Oxford Dictionary

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Inspiration for evolving the English language has finally come to the largest English-speaking country in Africa: Nigeria. 29 new words were officially added to the Oxford English Dictionary thereby enriching the trusted bible of the English language.

Colloquialisms that have become mainstays across Nigeria have been acknowledged by the Oxford English Dictionary, OED, as making a “unique and distinctive contribution to English”.

Words that are either borrowed from Nigerian languages or are “unique Nigerian coinages” that have been in circulation since the 1970s and 80s.

Special status for Nigerian English

This latest acknowledgement from the OED follows from Google’s move last year that introduced a “Nigerian English” option on its maps service, including a Nigerian voice and accent.

Nigerian culture has rapidly spread across the continent and around the world through its exports of music, film and literature in the past two decades.

And being a part of that particular culture means having words specific to that culture, as is the case with American, Australian or Canadian English.

“My English-speaking is rooted in a Nigerian experience and not in a British or American or Australian one. I have taken ownership of English.” Is how the well known Nigerian writer Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie describes her connection with the English language.

Nigerian in use

Walking through the streets of Lagos, or Abuja, one hears many familiar words in English, but perhaps the true meaning of the words is not entirely clear to non-Nigerians.

“I’ll take you to the best Mama-put,” was my first taste with Nigerian English when being shown around by our correspondent in Abuja.

Mama-put being a street vendor that sells cooked food at low prices. Typically run by a woman, called ‘Mama’, whom you go up to ask to ‘put’ food on your plate.

Other entries to the OED include expressions that many outside the country have to take a moment to think about but to those growing up surrounded by expressions such as “see you ‘next tomorrow’,” are not ‘put aback’ by the richness of the language.

Find a list of the new Nigerian words and senses added to the OED in this update:

  1. agric, adj. & n.
  2. barbing salon, n.
  3. buka, n.
  4. bukateria, n.
  5. chop, v./6
  6. chop-chop, n./2
  7. danfo, n.
  8. to eat money, in eat, v.
  9. ember months, n.
  10. flag-off, n.
  11. to flag off in flag, v.
  12. gist, n./3
  13. gist, v./2
  14. guber, adj.
  15. Kannywood, n.
  16. K-leg, n.
  17. mama put, n.
  18. next tomorrow, n. & adv.
  19. non-indigene, adj. & n.
  20. okada, n.
  21. to put to bed, in put, v.
  22. qualitative, adj.
  23. to rub minds (together) in rub, v./1
  24. sef, adv.
  25. send-forth, n.
  26. severally, adv.
  27. tokunbo, adj.
  28. zone, v.
  29. zoning, n.
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